Tackling climate change and holding warming at or as close to 1.5 degrees as is possible, is essential if the ecosystem services of the ocean are to survive. All states need to commit to new and more ambitious plans (NDCs) in 2020 to achieve this.
The High Seas – the area beyond the national jurisdiction (ABNJ) of any state – makes up nearly half the planet and two-thirds of the whole ocean. A new international treaty is being negotiated at the UN to bring protection to the area and states should complete this as a matter of urgency and by the end of 2020.
We are calling for a robust treaty by 2020 that provides:
- A strong global process for the establishment, effective management and enforcement of a network of highly protected and implemented Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in ABNJ;
- A framework to ensure that human activities outside of protected areas are subject to rigorous environmental impact assessments, and are effective, consistent, comprehensive, accountable and rigorous; and
- Institutional arrangements that establish a global decision-making body such as a Conference of Parties (CoP), an independent Scientific Committee and other necessary subsidiary bodies, with effective governance provisions.
State parties to the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) will negotiate new targets to protect biodiversity at a CoP in 2020. The target for marine biodiversity should be to protect at least 30% of the ocean through implemented highly and fully protected areas, with the remaining 70% of the ocean being sustainably managed.
We are taxing the health and immune system of the ocean through multiple stressors. Bringing an end to overfishing and pollution in all its forms, and preventing further biodiversity, ecosystem and habitat loss are essential measures within our reach.